As part of the Awangarda Initiative in the Lesser Poland Voivodship, 150 was interviewed with entrepreneurs and representatives of the science sector conducting innovative activities or meeting the criteria of research activities related to bioeconomy.
The main purpose of the interviews was to assess the level of innovation of enterprises in the field of Bioeconomy based on the analysis of barriers and needs of entrepreneurs from Małopolska. In addition, the purpose of the interviews was to identify factors driving the company's development and innovation.
The questionnaire contained both open and closed questions, allowing not only for quantitative but also qualitative analysis. The division of the questions contained in the interview questionnaire into sections allowed us to distinguish various aspects determining the level of innovation of the surveyed enterprises.
The study was conducted in accordance with the methodology of the Enterprise Discovery Process (PPO). It is a process integrating various stakeholders to identify research, development and innovation priorities around which private and public investment is focused. Entrepreneurs and representatives of business environment institutions, industry chambers and scientific institutes are of key importance in determining priorities. The essence of the entrepreneurial discovery process includes supporting bottom-up activities and initiatives that will lead to intelligent development and optimal use of resources, in particular those that will effectively involve the private sector in conducting and financing research and innovation .
When summarizing the interviews, attention should be paid to the state of innovation of Lesser Poland enterprises, which is not satisfactory. The main problem of Małopolska entrepreneurs is the lack of awareness about moving on the market related to bioeconomy. In addition, companies show neglect in establishing a network of contacts and establishing cooperation with scientific and research and development units.
When analyzing the barriers limiting the development of the company, it should be emphasized that despite high awareness of available public funds for the development of innovation, companies recognize financial barriers as the largest of the existing ones. In this matter, it is recommended to consult public institutions and specialists in the field of public finances.
Finally, it is worth paying attention to the presence of innovation driving factors in companies, which the surveyed companies are reluctant to use to develop their own innovations. In order to improve this situation, it is worth ensuring knowledge of competitors, suppliers and customers.
Author: Mariusz Sołtysik, Magdalena Wojnarowska, Małgorzata Kazak